Performing dental implants can be a very challenging task, as it requires high level of precision. Dentists make use of surgical guide, for better performance during dental implants.
Before starting the procedure, the dentist makes a treatment plan, so that sensitive structures remain untouched and to maximize the comfort of patients. During the planning phase of the treatment, several diagnostic tools like CT scans, x-rays, 3D imaging and cone-beam scanning will be used, for determining the exact position of placing the implants.
A surgical guide or a drill guide is a solid template, which the dentist positions over the patient’s teeth. The surgical guide consists of many ‘guiding cylinders’, corresponding to the intended position of each implant placement. For example, if the individual has to get two implants, then the surgical guide will have two guiding cylinders.
Dental implants using surgical guide
- First, the surgical guide is positioned inside the mouth of the patient, fitting neatly over other teeth.
- To increase precision, the hole for inserting the implant is drilled into the corresponding cylinder.
- The implant is embedded into this pilot hole.
- The dentist then checks the implant’s position, before taking off the implant first, followed by the surgical guide.
- After removing the guide, the dentist then places the implant back into its pilot hole and stitches up the tissue.
In few cases, if it is established that the patient is healthy and has a perfect jaw bone, then an ‘immediate loading procedure’ may be performed by implant dentist. During this process, the prosthetic tooth, as well as the implant is loaded, without the need of waiting for osseointegration period, in one session. After determining that the drilling of pilot hole has been precise, the guide will be removed and the implant will be placed back into the hole. The dentist then attaches a prosthetic tooth and an abutment for every implant, which completes the procedure.
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